Enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services in production landscapes (2015–2018)
Environmental and agricultural policies promote land sharing (biodiversity-friendly production) or land
sparing (protected areas, with yield increases elsewhere). Yet the impacts of such policies in diverse contexts
and for multiple outcomes are poorly understood. This project will develop new approaches using causal
inference, optimal allocation theory, and spatial statistics to characterise impacts on a diverse suite of
ecosystem services. Case studies from three continents will be developed, and generalisations explicitly
tested using simulated landscapes. The project will advance our ability to deliver sustainable outcomes and
more effective and equitable policies for production landscapes.