Assessing lithic evidence for the impact of the Toba super-eruption (74,000 years ago) on long-term cultural, biological and ecological histories on the Indian subcontinent (2009–2011)
The timing and routes of dispersal out of Africa are fundamental to understanding the peopling of the world by modern humans and the first colonisation of Australia. The Indian subcontinent constitutes a critical juncture between Africa and Australia, yet its archaeological record remains poorly known. This project will undertake the first detailed study of stone tools from two regions of India to examine questions of modern human arrival and the effects of the Toba super-eruption 74,000 years ago. This study is the first to analyse stone artefacts from above and below Toba ash at two localities in India. The project will add significantly to our understanding of the effects of Toba on human evolution, early human dispersal and adaptation.