Molecular, genetic and cellular analysis of melanisation in human pigmentation (2010–2012)
Variation in human pigmentation skin, eye and hair colour and skin cancer susceptibility, are determined by genes that control melanisation. This ongoing project studies, in combination, the molecular, genetic and cellular basis of melanogenesis. Our studies take unique advantage of cultures of human cells selected based on pigmentation genotype and/or phenotype. Gene variations are correlated with function using live cell imaging, electron microscopy and biochemical analysis. The results will explain at a molecular level, pigmentary characteristics of individuals. Prediction and forensic diagnosis of photosensitivity and cancer risk will be key outcomes of this work.