Quantum thermodynamics of ultra-cold atoms (2019–2022)
The Second Quantum Revolution is currently underway, and represents the merging of thermodynamic concepts of heat and work, born during the Industrial Revolution, with quantum concepts of information processing and entanglement. But how do the classical ideas on the nature of heat and work translate to quantum devices? The project intends to shed light on this fundamental question by developing the theoretical understanding of the workings of quantum-scale machines and heat engines using ultracold atomic gases, which are archetypical examples of interacting quantum many-body systems. The knowledge arising from the project is expected to underpin experimental breakthroughs in the field and aid the development of new quantum technologies.