Dr Emma Kennedy

Research Fellow

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Science

Overview

Dr Emma Kennedy is a research scientist specialising in coral reefs, with an interest in climate change impacts on reef communities.

Originally trained as a zoologist, she completed her PhD in Caribbean reef ecology at University of Exeter in the UK, in 2015.

Her research has a strong spatial component. Examining spatial patterns from the microscopic (molecular ecology of Caribbean coral symbionts, EU-FP7 funded FORCE project, Exeter University) to the macroscale (global analyses of coral reef futures under continued climate change, 50 reefs, UQ), has helped her linking ecological patterns and processes to environmental drivers. Scaling up observations from local (coral reef soundscapes across Las Perlas Archipelago, Panama, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute) to regional seascape scales (ocean acidification impacts on coralline algae along the Great Barrier Reef, Griffith University) can help understand rules of biological responses to environmental change.

Much of Emma’s research involves making detailed field observations. Over the past five years she has led over 23 diving research expeditions from the Coral Triangle to the Caribbean. Since moving to Australia she has worked on a number of high-profile research initiatives, including using coralline algae to explore effects of ocean acidification across the Great Barrier Reef, locating important coral reef refugia for the global conservation initiative “50 reefs”, and running the Seaview Survey Project, a reef monitoring program using underwater camera-scooters and AI in to scale up our ability to detect changes in coral reefs in space and time.

Emma is a participant in the Homeward Bound program and was highlighted as an emerging leader in the #AusScienceHeroes campaign.

Research Impacts

Dr Kennedy is enthusiastic about communicating research to the public, seeing immense value in wider public engagement, given that outcomes for coral reefs are largely dependent on societal change. To facilitate better pathways to impact, Emma focuses on public outreach and community engagement to better communicate her research and coral reef research more broadly.

Some positive pathways to impact include:

  • Supporting conservation decision making producing maps and models (e.g. WWF’s Coral Reef Rescue Initiative)
  • Producing reseach that contributed towards Caribbean reef managers handbooks and policy briefs, that led to parrotfish exploitation being restricted in many countries
  • Sitting on the scientific advisory committee for citizen science organisation Reef Check Australia
  • Public engagement in reef related issues: featured in a BBC Radio 4 documentary ‘Defenders of the Reef’ that reached a listening audience of >4 million, writing regularly for BBC Wildlife Magazine (UK's best selling natural history magazine, read by 240,000 people in UK and abroad)
  • A focus on quality publications (12 journal articles, two ‘highly cited’) in broad-readership journals (Nature, Current Biology, Proc Royal Soc B and Conservation Letters)

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy, University of Exeter

Publications

  • Roelfsema, Chris M., Kovacs, Eva M., Ortiz, Juan Carlos, Callaghan, David P., Hock, Karlo, Mongin, Mathieu, Johansen, Kasper, Mumby, Peter J., Wettle, Magnus, Ronan, Mike, Lundgren, Petra, Kennedy, Emma V. and Phinn, Stuart R. (2020). Habitat maps to enhance monitoring and management of the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs, 39 (4), 1039-1054. doi: 10.1007/s00338-020-01929-3

  • Lyons, Mitchell B., Roelfsema, Chris M., Kennedy, Emma V., Kovacs, Eva M., Borrego-Acevedo, Rodney, Markey, Kathryn, Roe, Meredith, Yuwono, Doddy M., Harris, Daniel L., Phinn, Stuart R., Asner, Gregory P., Li, Jiwei, Knapp, David E., Fabina, Nicholas S., Larsen, Kirk, Traganos, Dimosthenis and Murray, Nicholas J. (2020). Mapping the world's coral reefs using a global multiscale earth observation framework. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation rse2.157 doi: 10.1002/rse2.157

  • Vercelloni, Julie, Liquet, Benoit, Kennedy, Emma V., González-Rivero, Manuel, Caley, M. Julian, Peterson, Erin E., Puotinen, Marji, Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove and Mengersen, Kerrie (2020). Forecasting intensifying disturbance effects on coral reefs. Global Change Biology, 26 (5) gcb.15059, 2785-2797. doi: 10.1111/gcb.15059

View all Publications

Publications

Journal Article

  • Roelfsema, Chris M., Kovacs, Eva M., Ortiz, Juan Carlos, Callaghan, David P., Hock, Karlo, Mongin, Mathieu, Johansen, Kasper, Mumby, Peter J., Wettle, Magnus, Ronan, Mike, Lundgren, Petra, Kennedy, Emma V. and Phinn, Stuart R. (2020). Habitat maps to enhance monitoring and management of the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs, 39 (4), 1039-1054. doi: 10.1007/s00338-020-01929-3

  • Lyons, Mitchell B., Roelfsema, Chris M., Kennedy, Emma V., Kovacs, Eva M., Borrego-Acevedo, Rodney, Markey, Kathryn, Roe, Meredith, Yuwono, Doddy M., Harris, Daniel L., Phinn, Stuart R., Asner, Gregory P., Li, Jiwei, Knapp, David E., Fabina, Nicholas S., Larsen, Kirk, Traganos, Dimosthenis and Murray, Nicholas J. (2020). Mapping the world's coral reefs using a global multiscale earth observation framework. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation rse2.157 doi: 10.1002/rse2.157

  • Vercelloni, Julie, Liquet, Benoit, Kennedy, Emma V., González-Rivero, Manuel, Caley, M. Julian, Peterson, Erin E., Puotinen, Marji, Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove and Mengersen, Kerrie (2020). Forecasting intensifying disturbance effects on coral reefs. Global Change Biology, 26 (5) gcb.15059, 2785-2797. doi: 10.1111/gcb.15059

  • González-Rivero, Manuel, Beijbom, Oscar, Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto, Bryant, Dominic E. P., Ganase, Anjani, Gonzalez-Marrero, Yeray, Herrera-Reveles, Ana, Kennedy, Emma V., Kim, Catherine J. S., Lopez-Marcano, Sebastian, Markey, Kathryn, Neal, Benjamin P., Osborne, Kate, Reyes-Nivia, Catalina, Sampayo, Eugenia M., Stolberg, Kristin, Taylor, Abbie, Vercelloni, Julie, Wyatt, Mathew and Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2020). Monitoring of coral reefs using artificial intelligence: a feasible and cost-effective approach. Remote Sensing, 12 (3) 489, 489. doi: 10.3390/rs12030489

  • Pendleton, Linwood H., Beyer, Hawthorne, Estradivari, Grose, Susan O., Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Karcher, Denis B., Kennedy, Emma, Llewellyn, Lyndon, Nys, Cecile, Shapiro, Aurélie, Jain, Rahul, Kuc, Katarzyna, Leatherland, Terry, O’Hainnin, Kira, Olmedo, Guillermo, Seow, Lynette and Tarsel, Mick (2019). Disrupting data sharing for a healthier ocean. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 76 (6), 1415-1423. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsz068

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Tonk, Linda, Foster, Nicola L., Mumby, Peter J. and Stevens, Jamie R. (2019). Temporal stability of Orbicella annularis symbioses: A case study in the Bahamas. Bulletin of Marine Science, 95 (2), 289-304. doi: 10.5343/bms.2018.0064

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Ordonez, Alexandra and Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo (2018). Coral bleaching in the southern inshore Great Barrier Reef: a case study from the Keppel Islands. Marine & Freshwater Research, 69 (1), 191-197. doi: 10.1071/MF16317

  • Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Kennedy, Emma V., Beyer, Hawthorne L., McClennen, Caleb and Possingham, Hugh P. (2018). Securing a long-term future for coral reefs. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 33 (12), 936-944. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.09.006

  • Beyer, Hawthorne L., Kennedy, Emma V., Beger, Maria, Chen, Chaolun Allen, Cinner, Joshua E., Darling, Emily S., Eakin, C. Mark, Gates, Ruth D., Heron, Scott F., Knowlton, Nancy, Obura, David O., Palumbi, Stephen R., Possingham, Hugh P., Puotinen, Marji, Runting, Rebecca K., Skirving, William J., Spalding, Mark, Wilson, Kerrie A., Wood, Sally, Veron, John E. and Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2018). Risk-sensitive planning for conserving coral reefs under rapid climate change. Conservation Letters, 11 (6) e12587, e12587. doi: 10.1111/conl.12587

  • Ordonez, Alexandra, Kennedy, Emma V. and Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo (2017). Reduced spore germination explains sensitivity of reef-building algae to climate change stressors. Plos One, 12 (12), e0189122. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189122

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Ordonez, Alexandra, Lewis, Bonnie E. and Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo (2017). Comparison of recruitment tile materials for monitoring coralline algae responses to a changing climate. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 569, 129-144. doi: 10.3354/meps12076

  • Lewis, Bonnie, Kennedy, Emma V. and Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo (2017). Seasonal growth and calcification of a reef-building crustose coralline alga on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 568, 73-86. doi: 10.3354/meps12074

  • Hughes, Terry P., Kerry, James T., Alvarez-Noriega, Mariana, Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G., Anderson, Kristen D., Baird, Andrew H., Babcock, Russell C., Beger, Maria, Bellwood, David R., Berkelmans, Ray, Bridge, Tom C., Butler, Ian R., Byrne, Maria, Cantin, Neal E., Comeau, Steeve, Connolly, Sean R., Cumming, Graeme S., Dalton, Steven J., Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo, Eakin, C. Mark, Figueira, Will F., Gilmour, James P., Harrison, Hugo B., Heron, Scott F., Hoey, Andrew S., Hobbs, Jean-Paul A., Hoogenboom, Mia O., Kennedy, Emma V., Kuo, Chao-yang ... Wilson, Shaun K. (2017). Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals. Nature, 543 (7645), 373-377. doi: 10.1038/nature21707

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Tonk, Linda, Foster, Nicola L., Chollett, Iliana, Ortiz, Juan-Carlos, Dove, Sophie, Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Mumby, Peter J. and Stevens, Peter J. (2016). Symbiodinium biogeography tracks environmental patterns rather than host genetics in a key Caribbean reef-builder, Orbicella annularis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283 (1842) 20161938, 20161938. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1938

  • Hamilton, P. B., Webster, T. M. Uren, Basiewicz, M., Kennedy, E. V., De-Bastos, E. S. R. and Mathews, F. (2015). A rapid PCR-based test for identification of fifteen British bat species. Conservation Genetics Resources, 7 (3), 651-657. doi: 10.1007/s12686-015-0470-2

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Foster, Nicola L., Mumby, Peter J. and Stevens, Jamie R. (2015). Widespread prevalence of cryptic Symbiodinium D in the key Caribbean reef builder, Orbicella annularis. Coral Reefs, 34 (2), 519-531. doi: 10.1007/s00338-015-1264-4

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Foster, Nicola L., Mumby, Peter J. and Stevens, Jamie R. (2015). Erratum to: Widespread prevalence of cryptic Symbiodinium D in the key Caribbean reef builder, Orbicella annularis. Coral Reefs, 34 (2), 533-533. doi: 10.1007/s00338-015-1282-2

  • Kennedy, Emma V., Perry, Chris T., Halloran, Paul R., Iglesias-Prieto, Roberto, Schoenberg, Christine H. L., Wisshak, Max, Form, Armin U., Carricart-Ganivet, Juan P., Fine, Maoz, Eakin, C. Mark and Mumby, Peter J. (2013). Avoiding coral reef functional collapse requires local and global action. Current Biology, 23 (10), 912-918. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.020

  • Harborne, Alastair R., Mumby, Peter J., Kennedy, Emma V. and Ferrari, Renata (2011). Biotic and multi-scale abiotic controls of habitat quality: their effect on coral-reef fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 437 (15), 201-214. doi: 10.3354/meps09280

  • Kennedy, E. V., Holderied, M. W., Mair, J. M., Guzman, H. M. and Simpson, S. D. (2010). Spatial patterns in reef-generated noise relate to habitats and communities: Evidence from a Panamanian case study. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 395 (1-2), 85-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.08.017

Conference Publication

Other Outputs

  • Beyer, Hawthorne L., Kennedy, Emma V., Wood, Sally, Puotinen, Marji, Skirving, William and Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2019). 50 Reefs Global Coral Ocean Warming, Connectivity and Cyclone Dataset. The University of Queensland. (Dataset) doi: 10.14264/uql.2019.782

  • González-Rivero, Manuel, Rodriguez-Ramirez, Alberto, Beijbom, Oscar, Dalton, Peter, Kennedy, Emma V., Neal, Benjamin P., Vercelloni, Julie, Bongaerts, Pim, Ganase, Anjani, Bryant, Dominic E.P., Brown, Kristen, Kim, Catherine, Radice, Veronica Z., Lopez-Marcano, Sebastian, Dove, Sophie, Bailhache, Christophe, Beyer, Hawthorne L. and Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2019). Seaview Survey Photo-quadrat and Image Classification Dataset. The University of Queensland. (Dataset) doi: 10.14264/uql.2019.930