Professor Kesh Baboolal

ATH - Professor

Royal Brisbane Clinical Unit
Faculty of Medicine


Professor Kesh Baboolal is registered with both the Australian Medical Board and General Medical Council UK as a Nephrologist and Physician in Internal Medicine. He was awarded FRACP and FRCP from the Royal College of Physicians in both the Australia and the UK. He is currently a consultant nephrologist and general physician at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital. He has a sub specialist interest in renal transplantation.

Professor Baboolal graduated from St Thomas’s Hospital, University of London. He undertook post-graduate training at the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford and Guys and St Thomas’ Hospital, London. He was awarded a Juvenile Diabetes International Research Fellow at Stanford University, where he undertook a clinical and research fellowship in Nephrology from 1990-95. He completed his doctorate degree, Doctor of Medicine (MD) and was subsequently appointed as a consultant in nephrology, renal transplantation and general medicine in 1997 at the University Hospital of Wales UK, where he worked until 2012. In 2012 he moved with his family to Australia.

In 2003, Professor Baboolal successfully completed an LLM in Legal Aspects of Medical Practice from Cardiff University Law School. His dissertation entitled “My body as my property” explored whether property rights exist in the body and whether the development of property rights would provide a legal framework to design legislation that regulates organ donation and transplantation.

In 2006, he completed an eMBA program at INSEAD Paris which, together with the European Health Leadership Program at INSEAD, has provided him with the business knowledge and leadership skills required for senior leadership in healthcare services.

Throughout his clinical career, Professor Keshwar Baboolal has maintained a number of interests related to his specialist clinical experience, including:


An active research program in areas related to nephrology, transplantation and health economics. He has published extensively in leading international peer reviewed journals. He has also received peer-reviewed grants, lectured at national and international meetings and has been on editorial boards of international medical journals.

Medico-Legal Interests

Professor Baboolal has helped develop clinical, ethical and regulatory guidelines for many aspects of transplantation in the UK on behalf of the UK Government, UK Department of Health, UK Royal Colleges and Professional Bodies including the British Transplant Society.

Medical Leadership

Professor Baboolal has undertaken a number of medical leadership roles in the UK and Australia. Using the business knowledge and leadership skills together with his clinical knowledge and experience, Professor Baboolal has taken forward a number of initiatives that have redefined and improved clinical services to deliver efficient, high quality services that meet the needs of patients and their families

Research Impacts

Renal Research

Professor Keshwar was awarded a National Kidney Research Fellowship and Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International Research Fellowship in the Division of Nephrology at Stanford University, California from 1992-1995. He studied the role of the renin angiotensin system in models of progressive renal disease. I have led a research group of post doctorate scientists, clinician trainees and MD candidates that has explored the role of the renin angiotensin system in human renal disease.

Within transplantation Professor Baboolal has studied and explored the molecular determinants of renal allograft nephropathy as well as explored the pathophysiology of new onset diabetes after transplantation. This work has included laboratory based basic science research, clinical research involving complex physiology measurements in humans and clinical trials. With regards to clinical trials he has been both a principal investigator and supported multicentre international investigations. The work has been funded through a number of peer reviewed competive research grants. The outputs of this work have been published in International peer reviewed journals, presented at International Meetings as both invited speakers and as abstracts.

Health Economics

More recently Professor Baboolal has developed a research interest in healthcare economics related to renal disease and transplantation.

As a consequence of this work he has been asked to provide expert advice to N.I.C.E. (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) and the Department of Health UK to help set the National Tariff for renal replacement therapy in the UK.

Operational Research.

Professor Baboolal created an Operational Research Unit in collaboration with the School of Mathematics at Cardiff University. The work used operational sciences including modelling and forecasting to help optimise the design of clinical services and systems, particulary in Emergency Departments

Ethical and Regulatory Guidelines Related to Transplantation

Professor Baboolal has also been involved in developing clinical, ethical and regulatory guidelines for many aspects of transplantation.

  • Advisor to the Human Tissue Authority: I have provided professional advice to the Authority on the implementation of the Human Tissue Act and provided clinical advice on the interpretation of the Act in complex clinical cases referred to the Authority.
  • Appointed Member of the Department of Health Advisory Board for the Safety of Blood Tissues and Organs. This National Policy Advice Group is charged with developing advice to Parliament to ensure the safe supply of tissues for medical use and research.
  • Appointed member to the UK Academy of Royal Colleges Ethics Committee. This committee provides ethical guidance on issues related to organ donation and transplantation.
  • Co-author of Ethical Guidance for Deceased Cardiac Death Donation. UK Academy of Royal Colleges Ethics Committee
  • Member of the British Transplant Society Ethics Committee 2004-2006
  • Co-author of British Transplant Society Guidelines with regards to consent for organ donation.
  • Advice to the Scottish Parliament on the new legal framework for organ donation in the UK.


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