Dr Bernadine Flanagan

Research Fellow

Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
+61 7 336 53449


Research Interests

  • Investigating food structure and how it affects digestibility and fermentability.
    Using solid sate NMR to determine the Crystallinity of starches from different botanical sources before and after digestion and fermentation. To determine how the interaction of plant cell wall polysaccharides influences their structure and function with particular focus on the interactions of cellulose hemicelluloses. How the density and solubility of plant cell wall components drives fermentability.


  • Bachelor of Science (Hons), The University of Queensland
  • Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Queensland


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Journal Article

Conference Publication

  • Berglund, Jennie, Mikkelsen, Deirdre, Flanagan, Bernadine, Dhital, Sushil, Henriksson, Gunnar, Lindstrom, Mikael, Yakubov, Gleb, Gidley, Michael and Vilaplana, Francisco (2019). Hydrogels of bacterial cellulose and wood hemicelluloses as a model of plant secondary cell walls. National Meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS), Orlando, Florida, 31 March - 4 April 2019. Washington, DC, United States: American Chemical Society.

  • Gartaula, Ghanendra, Dhital, Sushil, Flanagan, Bernadine M. and Gidley, Mike (2017). An insight into the composition and properties of wheat endosperm cell walls. 2017 AACCI Annual Meeting (Cereals 17), San Diego CA, United States, 8-11 October 2017.

  • Netzel, Michael, Bobrich, Anna, Topp, Bruce, Russell, Dougal, Netzel, Gabi, Flanagan, Bernadine, Gidley, Michael and Fanning, Kent (2014). Biofortified produce – Queen Garnet a new high anthocyan plum. 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, Hobart, TAS, Australia, 26-28 November 2014. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.jnim.2014.10.065

  • Netzel, G., Mikkelsen, D., Flanagan, B., Netzel, M., Gidley, M. J. and Williams, B. (2014). Modulation of in vitro fermentation by polyphenol-rich black carrot fractions. 29th International Horticultural Congress, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, 17-22 September 2014.

  • Netzel, G., Mikkelsen, D., Flanagan, B., Netzel, M., Gidley, M. J. and Williams, B. A. (2013). Black carrot polyphenols and their effect on plant cell wall fermentability. NSA NSNZ 2013 Joint Annual Scientific Meeting: 37th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia in conjunction with the Nutrition Society of New Zealand, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, 4-6 December, 2013. Perth, WA, Australia: Australasian Medical Journa.

  • Hoang, V. L. T., Pierson, J.-T., Curry, M. C., Flanagan, B., Dietzgen, R. G., Gidley, M. J., Roberts-Thomson, S. J., Shaw, P.N. and Monteith, G. R. (2012). Comparison of the bioactivities of peel and flesh extracts of three mango varieties. ComBio 2012, Adealide, Australia, 23-27 September 2012.

  • Gunness, Purnima, Flanagan, Bernadine M., Mata, Jitendra T. and Gidley, Micahel J. (2011). Interactions between cereal soluble dietary fibres and bile salts. American Association of Cereal Chemists, Palm Springs, CA USA, 16-19 October 2011.

  • Gunness, P., Flanagan, B. M. and Gidley, M. J. (2011). Mechanisms behind the cholesterol-lowering effect of cereal soluble dietary fibres. Australian Cereal Chemistry Conference (ACCC), Tweed Heads – Coolangatta, Australia, 4-9 September 2011.

  • Gidley, M. J., Flanagan, B., Sharpe, K. and Sopade, P. A. (2011). Starch digestion in monogastrics: Mechanisms and opportunities. Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition - Australia (RAAN, 2011), Armidale, NSW, Australia, 13-15 July 2011. Armidale, NSW, Australia: University of New England.

  • Gunness, P., Flanagan, B.M., Mata, J.P., Gilbert, E.P. and Gidley, M.J. (2010). Molecular interactions between bile salt micelles and soluble dietary fibres. The 2010 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia “Nutrition Sustainability”, Perth, WA, Australia, 30 November-3 December 2010.

  • Gunness, P., Flanagan, B.M. and Gidley, M.J. (2009). NMR study of molecular interactions between bile salts and cereal non-starch polysaccharides. Australian Cereal Chemistry Conference, Wagga Wagga, Australia, 2009.

  • Mikkelsen, D., Flanagan, B., Dykes, G. and Gidley, M. (2008). Bacterial cellulose composites: Models for primary plant cell walls of cereals and grasses. ASM 2008: Annual Scientific Meeting & Exhibition of the Australian Society for Microbiology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, 6-10 July 2008. Melbourne, VIC, Australia: Australian Society for Microbiology.

  • Gunness, P., Flanagan, B. M. and Gidley, M. J. (2008). Mechanisms behind the cholesterol-lowering effect of soluble dietary fibres. Nutrition Society of Australia 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting: Conference 2008, Stamford Grand Hotel, Adelaide, Australia, 30 November-3 December 2008. Adelaide, Australia: The Nutrition Society of Australia.

  • Wilkinson, A. S., Lin, C. N., Flanagan, B., Dietzgen, R., Shaw, P. N., Monteith, G. R., Roberts-Thomson, S. J. and Gidley, M. J. (2008). Nutritional bioactives in tropical fruit. Experimental Biology 2008: Today's Research: Tomorrow's Health, San Diego, U.S., 5-6 April, 2008.

  • Flanagan, B. M. and Gidley, M. (2007). Applications of fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy in cereals. 57th Australian Cereal Chemistry Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, 5-10 August 2007. North Melbourne: Cereal Chemistry Division.

  • Shrestha, A. K., Htoon, A., Flanagan, B. M., Lopez-Rubio, S., Uthayakumaran, S., Chanvrier, H., Bird, A. R., Gilbert, E. P. and Gidley, M. D. (2007). Effect of processing high-amylose maize starches under controlled conditions on structural organization and amylase digestibility. 14th European Carbohydrate Symposium, Lubeck, Germany, 2-7 September, 2007.

  • Wilkinson, A. S., Lin, C. N., Flanagan, B. M., Dietzgen, R. G., Monteith, G. R., Shaw, P. N., Roberts-Thomson, S. J. and Gidley, M. J. (2007). Effects Of Mango Extracts and Components On Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation. 41st Annual Scientific Meeting of the Australasian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists and 10th Southeast Asian Western Pacific Regional Meeting of Pharmacologists, Adelaide, South Australia, 2-6 December 2007. Victoria, Australia: ASCEPT.

  • Flanagan, B. M., Tan, I., Halley, P. J., Whittaker, A. K. and Gidley, M. (2007). New insights into starch molecular conformation from solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy. 56th Australian Cereal Chemistry Conference, Freemantle, 10-14 September 2006. North Melbourne: Royal Australian Chemical Institute.

  • Gidley, M, Flanagan, B M, Shrestha, A K, Rubio, A.L., Gilbert,, Htoon,, Chanvrier,, Uthayakumaran,, Lillford, P.J., Xhou, X.K., Bird, A.R. and Topping, D.L. (2006). Digestibility of starches: effects of polymer conformation and food structure. Thirtieth Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutr Soc of Aust, Sydney, 29 November - 2 December 2006. Melbourne: HEC Press.

  • Wilkinson, A, Hewavitharana, A, Flanagan, B M, Dietzgen, R G, Monteith, G R, Shaw, P N, Roberts-Thomson, S J and Gidley, M (2006). Nutritional bioactives in tropical fruit. The 3rd Australian Health & Medical Research Congress, Melbourne Convention Centre, Melbourne, Australia, 26 November-1 December, 2006. Melbourne, Vic, Australia: National Health and Medical Research Council.

  • Sutherland, A., Hewavitharana, A., Flanagan, B. M., Monteith, G. R., Shaw, N., Roberts-Thomson, S. J. and Gidley, M. (2005). Development and application of a liposome delivery method to enhance the bioavailability of antioxidants and evaluate cytotoxicity in colon and breast cancer in vitro models. 29th Annual Scientific Meeting of Nutrition Society of Australia, Melbourne, Vic, Australia, 30 November-3 December, 2005. Clayton, Vic., Australia: Blackwell Science Asia.

  • Flanagan, B., Bernhardt, P. V., Luethi, S. and Riley, M. J. (2001). Predicting Ianthanide spectroscopy and applications to energy up-conversion. Australiasian Conference on Optics, Lasers and Spectroscopy, Brisbane, 3-6 December, 2001. Brisbane: ACOLS 2001.

  • Bernhardt, P. V., Flanagan, B. and Riley, M. J. (1999). Rare earth dimers as candidates for upconversion. IC '99, Wellington, NZ, 31 January - 4 February 1999. Wellington, NZ: NZ Institute of Chemistry.

Other Outputs

Grants (Administered at UQ)

PhD and MPhil Supervision

Current Supervision

Completed Supervision