Associate Professor Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos

Associate Professor

School of Biological Sciences
Faculty of Science
d.ortizbarrientos@uq.edu.au
+61 7 336 51767

Overview

In the Ortiz-Barrientos Lab we study the genetics of speciation and adaptation. We have developed a new system of research to study the replicated evolution of traits and reproductive isolation, the early stages of speciation and the origin of ecotypes, and the molecular causes of reproductive isolation and adaptation. We are also interested in the role of sexual selection on plant speciation, and on the evolution of sexual recombination. Please visit our pages to learn more about our research, our team members, and about adaptation and speciation in the Senecio lautus species complex.

Research Interests

  • The ecological and genetic basis of speciation.
    As populations adapt to new environmental challenges they may become reproductively isolated from such other populations. The genetic changes associated with the evolution of reproductive isolation remain largely unknown, and therefore we have a limited understanding as to how ecology and genetics interact during the origin of new species. In the Ortiz-Barrientos lab we are tackling this problem by studying the early stages of speciation in the S. lautus species complex (sensu lato). Specifically, we are interested in identifying those genes responsibles for hybrid failure under field conditions, and in discovering their function within species. We use a combination of genomic, quantitative and classical genetics, together with reciprocal transplant experiments in our research.
  • The genetics of adaptation.
    In his famous treatise on natural selection, Ronald A. Fisher argued that "The rate of increase in fitness of any organism at any time is equal to its genetic variance in fitness at that time". The genetic basis of traits contributing to fitness remains largely unresolved, particularly because some times many alleles of small effect control phenotypic variability, and because sometimes traits may evolve in step with other traits. These putative features of genetic architectures and trait evolution make the genetic study of adaptation difficult and impossible in most organisms. In our lab we are using mapping by selection of extreme tails to identify those genes responsible for ecotypic differences, and those traits responsible for fitness differences in the wild. Further, we are investigating the adaptive significance of genetic correlations during ecotypic divergence, and the relative contributions of additive vs. non-additive effects to fitness variation.
  • The genetic basis of parallel evolution.
    Populations experiencing similar selective pressures may evolve similar traits. As they adapt to similar environments, populations may fix similar alleles, or they might reach a phenotypic solution via different biochemical and genetic routes. In the Ortiz-Barrientos lab we are investigating how maritime populations of S. lautus have repeatedly and independently adapted to contrasting habitats along the Australian coast. We are using population genomic approaches (e.g., using RAD tags) and mapping by selection experiments to identify those genomic regions responsible for the replicated evolution of tall and prostrate forms in S. lautus. We combine these results with the use of Nearly Isogenic Lines to test the adaptive significance of candidate genes under field conditions.
  • Experimental evolution.
    Direct demonstration for the role of natural selection in the creation of new speciation is rare. Although microbial and unicellular eukaryotic organisms have provided insights as to how speciation occurs, there are very few examples in plants and animals as to how natural selection creates reproductive isolation. in the Ortiz-Barrientos lab we are exploring various strategies to deconstruct species and then to use natural selection to reconstruct them. Using specific quantitative genetic breeding designs together with QTL mapping we are tracking genetic changes that take place as adaptation proceeds and reproductive isolation revolves (e.g., the evolution of immigrant inviability and ecologically dependent postzygotic isolation). Results from these experiments will shed light on the connection between adaptation and speciation, and will help us understand how genetic architectures evolve.

Qualifications

  • PhD, Louisiana State University
  • Bachelor of Science, Universidad de Antioquia

Publications

View all Publications

Supervision

  • Doctor Philosophy

  • Doctor Philosophy

  • Doctor Philosophy

View all Supervision

Available Projects

View all Available Projects

Publications

Book Chapter

  • Ortiz-Barrientos, Daniel (2016). Species concepts and speciation. In Richard M. Kliman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary biology (pp. 216-227) Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom: Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-800049-6.00061-5

Journal Article

Conference Publication

  • David, G. K., Wilson, R. S. and Ortiz-Barrientos, D. (2011). Diving in soccer: When does it pay to be dishonest?. In: Integrative and Comparative Biology. Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Integrative-and-Comparative-Biology, Salt Lake City Ut, (E30-E30). Jan 03-07, 2011.

  • Mesa, N, Mondragon, MC, Soto, ID, Parra, MV, Duque, C, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Munera, JG, Garcia, LF, Velez, ID, Bedoya, G, Bortolini, MC and Ruiz-Linares, A (2000). A comparison of autosomal, mtDNA and Y-chromosome diversity in Native South Americans.. In: American Journal of Human Genetics. , , (230-230). .

  • Carvajal-Carmona, LG, Ospina-Duque, J, Calle, J, Lopez, C, Ochoa, L, Garcia, J, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Pineda, N, Ospina, A, Lopez, M, Gallo, A, Miranda, A, Cuartas, M, Montoya, P, Palacio, C, Bedoya, G, McCarthy, M, Reus, V, Freimer, N and Linares, AR (2000). A search for genetic loci involved in predisposition to bipolar mood disorder in the population of Antioquia, Colombia.. In: American Journal of Human Genetics. , , (309-309). .

  • Ospina-Duque, J, Duque, C, Carvajal-Carmona, L, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Soto, I, Pineda, N, Cuartas, M, Calle, J, Lopez, C, Ochoa, L, Garcia, J, Miranda, A, Sema, L, Montoya, P, Palacio, C, Bedoya, G, McCarthy, M, Reus, V, Freimer, N and Ruiz-Linares, A (2000). Lack of association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism and bipolar disorder in Antioquia, Colombia.. In: American Journal of Human Genetics. , , (339-339). .

  • Torres, MM, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Soto, ID, Carvajal, LG, Duque, C, Bedoya, G, de Restrepo, HG and Ruiz-Linares, A (2000). mtDNA diversity of Colombian Amerind populations.. In: American Journal of Human Genetics. , , (216-216). .

  • Ospina-Duque, J, Carvajal-Carmona, L, Calle, J, Lopez, C, Ochoa, L, Garcia, J, Cuartas, M, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Pineda, N, Gomez, J, Agudelo, A, Lozano, M, Montoya, G, Ospina, A, Lopez, M, Gallo, A, Miranda, A, Serna, L, Montoya, P, Palacio, C, Bedoya, G, McCarthy, M, Reus, V, Freimer, N and Ruiz-Linares, A (2000). A search for genetic loci involved in predisposition to bipolar mood disorder in the population of Antioquia, Colombia.. In: American Journal of Medical Genetics. , , (507-507). .

  • Ospina-Duque, J, Duque, C, Carvajal-Carmona, L, Cuartas, M, Ortiz-Barrientos, D, Soto, I, Pineda, N, Calle, J, Lopez, C, Ochoa, L, Garcia, J, Gomez, J, Agudelo, A, Lozano, M, Montoya, G, Ospina, A, Lopez, M, Gallo, A, Miranda, A, Serna, L, Montoya, P, Palacio, C, Bedoya, G, McCarthy, M, Reus, V, Freimer, N and Ruiz-Linares, A (2000). Lack of association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism and BP1 in Antioquia, Colombia.. In: American Journal of Medical Genetics. , , (490-491). .

PhD and MPhil Supervision

Current Supervision

  • Doctor Philosophy — Principal Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Principal Advisor

    Other advisors:

  • Doctor Philosophy — Principal Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Principal Advisor

    Other advisors:

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

  • Doctor Philosophy — Associate Advisor

Completed Supervision

Possible Research Projects

Note for students: The possible research projects listed on this page may not be comprehensive or up to date. Always feel free to contact the staff for more information, and also with your own research ideas.